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Conditionals






(Умовні речення)

First Conditional реальна умова
головне речення підрядне речення
Future if + Present Simple
He will help us, if he comes. Він допоможе нам, якщо прийде.
Second Conditional нереальна умова (теперішній та майбутній час)
would + Indefinite Infinitive if + Past Simple
He would help us, if he came. Він би допоміг нам, якби прийшов.
Third Conditional нереальна умова (минулий час)
would + Perfect Infinitive if + Past Perfect
He would have helped us yesterday, if he had come. Він би допоміг нам учора, якби прийшов.

APPENDIX 2

SUFFIXES and PREFFIXES

(Суфікси та префікси)

Noun Suffixes

Suffix Meaning Examples
-ance -ence -er, -or -ation, -tion -ist, -yst -ness -ion -ing -ment -ity -ian -ism -dom -ship state quality of a person who/a thing which   the act of a person who condition of action/state activity state, action state, quality pertaining to condition/state domain/condition condition/state performance independence programmer, operator accumulator execution physicist, analyst, typist cleanliness conversion speaking, testing measurement electricity electrician, mathematician magnetism freedom relationship, friendship

 

Verb Suffixes

Suffix Meaning Examples
-ize- -ate, -ute -fy -en   to make computerize automate, activate, contribute simplify harden, widen

 

 

Adjective Suffixes

 

Suffix Meaning Examples
-al, -ar , -k, -ical -able, -ible -ous, -ious -ful -less -ish -ed/-ive -ing have the quality of   capable of being like, full of characterized by without like having quality of to make or do computational, logical, circular, magnetic, automatic comparable, divisible dangerous, religious helpful careless reddish computed, punched, interactive programming, coding, processing

Adverb Suffixes

Suffix Meaning Examples
-ly in the manner of logically, comparably, helpfully
-wards in the direction of downwards, forwards

Negative and positive prefixes

 

  Prefix Meaning Examples
negative un- in- im-, il- ir- non-   mis- dis- anti- de- under- re- over-   not, not good enough   not connected with   bad, wrong opposite feeling opposite action against reduce, reverse   too little   do again too much unmagnetized, unpunched incomplete impossible, illegal, irregular, irrelevant   non-programmable non-impact   mispronounce disagree disconnect antisocial demagnetize, decode   underestimate   reorganize overheat
positive  

 





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