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MEMORIZE THE FOLLOWING EXPRESSIONS
- Ему трудно угодить.Неis hard to please.
- У нее привлекательная внешность. She is pleasant to lookat.
- Мне надо вам кое-что сказать. I have something to tellyou.
- Этим ничего не достигнешь. There is nothing to be gainedby it.
- Ничего не поделаешь. There is nothing to be done.
- Надо многое сделать. There is much to be done.
- Дом сдается внаем. The house is to let.
- Кто виноват? Who is to blame?
- Непременно приходите.Be sure to come.
- Единственное, что остается - это ждать. There is nothingleft to dobut wait.
Ex. 1. (A, B) State the form and function of the Infinitive. Translate the sentences into Russian.
1. To go on with this discussion is to waste time. 2. Oh, I'm sorry to have taken so much of your time. 3. It all sounds too good to be true. 4. We assembled to discuss and arrange our plans. 5. This country was one of the first to support the idea of creating nuclear free zones. 6. He was the first to raise the question. 7. A celebration such as this was a chance not to be missed. 8. We were eager to see the Christmas lights and the flashing limbs of the Radio City Rockettes' chorus line. 9. Recent changes have prompted Central and East European countries to enter and actively participate in the European organizations. 10. You're a bachelor with no family to take care of. 11. I didn't come here to be shouted at. 12. The United Nations has done much to bring the parties in this conflict closer together. 13. To meet the demands for goods, new shops have been opened in the town. 14. The plan will be discussed at the meeting to be held on May 25.
Ex. 2. (A, B) Replace the group of words in bold type by an infinitive.
Model: She was the first lady who left. -She was the first (lady) to leave.
1. The manager was the last who leftthe shop. 2. I was astonished when I heardthat he had left his native town. 3. There was no place where he could sit.4. I can't go to the party; I have nothing that I can wear.5. He was the first man who swamthe Channel. 6. He was the only one who realizedthe danger.
Ex. 3. (A, B)Combine each of the following pairs of sentences into one sentence using "enough" with the Infinitive.
Model: He is clever. He can answer the question. - He is clever enough to answer the question.
1. He wasn't strong. He couldn't support the man. 2. The sun isn't very hot. We can't lie in the sun. 3. The coffee isn't strong. It won't keep us awake. 4. I am quite old. I could be your father. 5. You aren't very old. You can't understand these things. 6. He was very curious. He opened the letter. 7. You are quite thin. You can wear this dress.
Ex. 4. (A, B) Combine each of the following pairs of sentences into one sentence using "too" with the Infinitive.
Model: He is very ill. He can't work today. - He is too ill to work today.
1. It is very hot. We can't run. 2. I am rather old. I can't wear this dress. 3. He was nervous. He couldn't speak. 4. I was terrified. I couldn't move. 5. It is very cold. We can't have a swim. 6. He was very snobbish. He wouldn't talk to any of us. 7. It was very dark. We couldn't see him. 8. It was rather cloudy. We couldn't see the eclipse properly.
Ex. 5. (А, В) Use the correct form of the Infinitive in brackets.
1. I hope (to see) you soon. 2. We expect (to be) back in two days. 3. He expected (to help) by his friends. 4. I am glad (to do) all the homework yesterday. 5. I am sorry (to break) my pen. 6. I hate (to bother) you, but the students are still waiting (to give) books for their work. 7. He seized every opportunity (to appear) in public: he was so anxious (to talk) about... 8. Is there anything else (to tell) her? I believe she deserves (to know) the state of her sick brother. 9. He began writing books not because he wanted (to earn) a living. 10. The woman pretended (to read) and (not to hear) the bell. 11. Perhaps it would upset her (to tell) the truth of the matter. 12. The only sound (to hear) was the snoring of grandfather in the bedroom.
Ex. 6. Use the appropriate form of the Infinitive.
I. (A, B)
1. He made me (to do) it all over again. 2. He made her (to repeat) the message. 3. Would you like me (to go) now? 4. They won't let us (to leave) the Customs till our luggage has been examined. 5. He wouldn't let my baby (to play) with his gold watch. 6. Please let me (to know) your decision as soon as possible. 7. He made us (to wait) for hours. 8. I let him (to go) early as he wanted to meet his wife. 9. I'd like him (to go) to a University but I can't make him (to go). 10. He tried to make me (to believe) that he was my stepbrother. 11. Before he let us (to go) he made us (to promise) not to tell anybody what we had seen. 12. I advised him (to ask) the bus-conductor to tell him where to get off. 13. That is too heavy for one person (to carry); let me (to help) you. 14. The teacher advised us (to use) dictionaries. 15. Her father doesn't allow her (to go) to the cinema alone.
II. (B, C)
1. I hate (to bother) you, but the man is still waiting (to give) a definite answer. 2. He hated (to bother) with trifling matters when he had many more important questions (to decide). 3. She would never miss a chance (to show) her efficiency, she was so anxious (to like) and (to praise). 4. The idea was too complicated (to express) in just one paragraph. 5. Is there anything else (to tell) him? I believe he deserves (to know) how the matter stands and (to tell) all about it. 6. He took to writing not (to earn) a living but a name. All he wanted was (to read) and not (to forget). 7. How fortunate he is (to travel) all over the world and (to see) so much of it. 8. The girl pretended (to read) a book and not (to notice) me. 9. It seems (to rain) ever since we came here. 10. It is so thoughtful of you (to book) the tickets well in advance. 11. Perhaps it would bother him (to speak) about the quarrel. 12. The only sound (to hear) was the ticking of the grandfather clock downstairs. 13. The third key remained (to test). 14. She was probably angry (to reprimand) in front of me. 15. She sat there trying to pretend she did not want (to dance) and was quite pleased (to sit) there and (to watch) the fun. 16. She was sorry (to be) out when I called and promised (to wait) for me downstairs after the office hours. 17. She said she would love (to come) and was simply delighted (to ask) for a date. 18. I offered (to carry) her case but she was afraid (to let) it out of her hand. 19. Let's go and see the place. You will be sorry later (to miss) it.
Ex. 7. (C)Insert the Infinitive in the appropriate form and translate the sentences into Russian.
1. Mr. Abbot was the first... the silence. (to break). 2. The next patient... was a nice girl in her early 'teens. (to examine). 3. Honesty is the first principle ... when working with us. (to observe). 4. He complained that he was always the last... (to inform). 5. I am the last man ... a question of the kind. (to ask). 6. They were among the last... . (to arrive). 7. He found that he was the only one ... the discrepancy. (to notice). 8. If there is to be a vacancy I would like to be the one ... the job. (to offer). 9. These houses were among the few ... after a great fire. (to survive). 10. Who was the youngest chess player ... the title of All-Union Champion? (to win). 11. The Shakespeare Memorial Theatre players were the second British company... the Soviet Union. (to visit). 12. The Nuremberg trial was the biggest international trial... ever.... (to hold).
Ex. 8. Insert to where necessary.
1. I like ... play the piano. 2. My brother can ... write poems. 3. We had ... put on our overcoats because it was cold. 4. They wanted ... cross the river. 5. It is high time for you ... go to bed. 6. May I ... use your telephone? 7. They heard the girl ... cry out with joy. 8. I would rather ... stay at home today. 9. He did not want ... play in the yard anymore. 10. Would you like ... go to England? 11. You look tired. You had better... go home. 12. I wanted ... speak to Nick, but could not ... find his telephone number. 13. It is time ... get up. 14. Let me ... help you with your homework. 15. I was planning ... do a lot of things yesterday. 16. I'd like ... speak to you. 17.1 think I shall be able ... solve this problem. 18. What makes you ...think you are right? 19.1 shall ... do all I can ... help you. 20. I like ... dance. 21. I'd like ... dance. 22. She made me ... repeat my words several times. 23. She did not let her mother ... go away. 24. Do you like ... listen to good music? 25. That funny scene made me ... laugh.
II. (B, C)
1. The boy helped us ... find the way to the railway station. 2. He would sooner... die than ... betray his friends. 3. Why not... start out now? We cannot wait for the rain ... stop. 4. You'll be better tomorrow. You may ... come and ... dine with us. 5. Don't let us ... get worried. There are a hundred things ... be done. 6. We had better ... make haste. 7. You ought not ... speak to the Dean like that. 8. What made you ... think so? 9. "Thanks," Andrew answered, "I'd rather ... see the cases myself." 10. He was made ... obey the rules. 11. I thought I would rather... get to the gallery alone, but I was obliged ... accept his company. 12. ... have gone through what you have gone through is the lot of very few. 13. Get them ... come as early as possible. 14. There is hardly anything ... do but ... work out an alternative plan.
I. (В, С) Translate the sentences into Russian. Pay special attention to the use of the Infinitive.
1. To crown it all, there was a story full ten years old now of his treatment of his wife. 2. To meet the increased demand for industrial goods, a factory has been opened in the town this year. 3. It was awfully cold, to be sure. 4. She had broken a precious china and, to make the things still worse, she never told anyone about it. 5. To make a long story short, the company broke up and returned home in bad temper. 6. To put it crudely, whatever is man's manner of life, such is his manner of thought. 7. She had become one of those London girls to whom rest, not to say pleasure, is unknown. 8. To claim damages was not a pleasant thing to do.